- paraffin wax
- polyethylene wax
- vat/wax container
- cotton wick
- dipping trough
- technical dye (for colored candles)
- wick holders
- storage racks
- stirrer (wood/bamboo)
- weighing scale (10-kilo capacity)
- Prepare the candlewick. Adjust the size of the wick to the diameter of the candle and the fusibility of the candle material. The following is a rough guide to the selection of wick size: Candle Diameter / Size of Wick:
- 1.5 to 2.5 cm / 6 - 12 ply
- 2.5 to 5 cm / 15 ply
- 5 - 7 cm / 24 ply
- over 7 cm / 30 ply
- Tapers / 24 - 30 ply
- Weigh 90 parts of paraffin wax and 10 parts polyethylene wax and place in the vat/wax container. Melt the wax in a wax container or set the pan with the wax in a skillet almost full of water. Wax is inflammable and should not be melted over direct heat. A well-ventilated workshop should be maintained.
- Heat gently until all contents have melted and blended together. Allow the mixture to cool to about 70oC (160oF) before attempting to dip.
- Dip the candlewick in the melted wax and withdraw as smoothly as possible, so that the wax deposits are even layers with no drips or surface imperfections.
- When the desired candle size is attained, remove the lower 2 cm or so to obtain candles with uniform diameter.
- Hang candles to dry.
- Let candles cure for 4-5 days before using them to harden the wax and for perfect setting. Store in a dry place.
source: mis.dost.gov.ph, picture from www.yorkshirenet.co.uk